We are examining the growth, growth history and climate sensitivity of white and black spruce trees on the floodplains of the major rivers fed by glacial meltwater in Interior Alaska. To date we have sampled 624 trees on 41 sites distributed across 1,783 km of the Yukon River, 375 km of the Tanana River, and 370 km of the Kuskokwim River, for a total of 2,528 km of river length.
Landscape dynamics in an interdisciplinary perspective: 25 years of research for sustainable agriculture and forestry
The study site, located in southwest of Toulouse (France) is a typical agricultural landscape (agricultural mosaic + forest remnants) with mixed production systems. This region is considered as an “intermediate zone”, without any particular conservation value, any agricultural potential, and any social challenge. The total study site area is around 15 000 hectares. Agriculture remains the predominant activity, but it is encountering difficulties in marginal areas that do not have particularly high agricultural potential.
The loss of natural habitat from conversion to human dominated uses is the major cause of the decline of terrestrial biodiversity. The formation of networks of natural reserves is a cornerstone conservation strategy, but existing reserve networks are nowhere near what is necessary to protect existing biodiversity. Much of the existing literature on systematic conservation planning is within a static context even though both conservation planning and habitat loss via development are ongoing processes which unfold over time.
We are beginning new studies of phenology at the Andrews Forest to better understand influences of existing complex climatic gradients on timing of springtime life history events for multiple trophic levels. Phenological events are highly sensitive to temperature and climatic variations and are some of the most responsive indicators to climate change. By studying timing of events at multiple sites in a very heterogeneous climatic landscape, we expect to learn much about plant, insect and bird responses to current abiotic variability (i.e.
Science to policy, science to management: Long-Term Ecological Research at Warra, Tasmania, Australia
The Warra Long-Term Ecological Research site in southern Tasmania was created to reflect the commitment of eight site partners to understanding the ecology of wet eucalypt forests as a necessary part of their management. The 15,900-ha site is adjacent to a major tourist facility (the Tahune airwalk) and contains both State Forest, managed for multiple use including timber production, and relatively inaccessible World Heritage Area.
The Niwot Ridge (NWT) LTER site was one of the five original LTER sites established in 1980. The LTER program is based at the University of Colorado-Boulder and is administered through the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR) and in cooperation with the Mountain Research Station, with special use permits from the US Forest Service.
Spatial and temporal changes in alpine plant species composition were analyzed at the landscape, plant community, and individual species levels. We standardized field observations for 88 gridded vegetation plots sampled in 1990, 1997, and 2006 on Niwot Ridge, Colorado and developed spatial environmental data for the study area (snow cover, growing-degree days, time of meltout, and solar radiation). At the landscape scale, growing-degree days increased from 1990 to 2006, while the snow-covered period decreased and meltout occurred earlier.
Population growth and urban sprawl are two issues that have long concerned environmentalists. Another, more modern phenomenon is that of urban to rural migration, wherein residents of urban or suburban areas buy property in areas more rural, less developed. This study is concerned with the land use decisions made by these new rural residents. The study is centered in Southwest Michigan, Barry Township within Barry County. The area is one of shifting land use patterns and increasing residential development.
Biogeochemical fluxes through urban residences contribute significantly to the overall biogeochemical cycles of cities and of the nation. However, little is known about how biogeochemical fluxes that contribute to environmental pollution vary among households, nor what factors contribute to that variation. We quantified the fluxes of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) through households along an urban to exurban gradient in the Saint Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota metropolitan area.
The dominant theme of socio-ecological research in the Luquillo LTER Research Program is the influence of land use change on local climate change, secondary forest dynamics, watershed and stream processes, and ecosystem services. Much of our research is being developed in the context of the steep urban to wildlands gradient from the Rio Piedras watershed (RPW) in the center of San Juan metropolitan area(SJMA) to the Luquillo Experimental Forest (LEF) some 25 km away.